Another bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis – serovar japonensis, strain Buibui, has shown strong larvacidal activity against P. japonica and other grubs (Ohba et al., 1992; Alm et al., 1997), but lacks a commercial product in the USA. Pavesi M (2014) Popillia japonica specie aliena invasiva segnalata in Lombardia. The EFSA Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) for the … Small-scale trapping may aggravate defoliation damage in landscapes because the traps may attract more beetles than actually enter the traps (Gordon and Potter, 1985). The male tibial spur is more sharply pointed, and the tarsi are shorter and stouter than those of the female (EPPO, 2006). It can be used in family gardens and orchards, but also in professional orchards and vineyards. Agricultural Canada Ottawa, Ontario Canada, 491 pp. In: Quarantine Pests for Europe. The trap attracts more adults than it captures and therefore the use of traps in private gardens and sports grounds or near orchards and nurseries is not recommended,. The head is yellowish-brown, with strong, dark-coloured mandibles. 10. Abstract This diagnostic protocol focuses on Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica), a pest native to northern China, Japan and the Far East of Russia, but introduced into North America and has become a more serious pest in the USA than in its area of origin. Chlorantraniliprole and neonicotinoid insecticides are used in the USA to control larvae in the turf and show some efficacy in preharvest soil surface treatment of nursery plants grown in field soil (Oliver et al., 2013; Vittum, 2013; Ciampitti et al., 2016). Oregon Department of Agriculture (2010) Japanese beetle: a major pest of plants. Adults damage a very wide range of plants, causing defoliation on apple, birch, lime and rose. EFSA Journal 16(11), 5438. Although milky disease is one of the primary natural biological agents reducing Japanese beetle populations, the value of augmenting this natural incidence with commercial spore powder has come under question (Redmond and Potter, 1995; Potter and Held, 2002; Jackson and Klein, 2006). Popillia japonica originates from Asia where it is native in northern China, Japan and the Far East of Russia. There are three larval instars; the first instar develops in 2-3 weeks; the second in 3-4 weeks (Potter & Held, 2002). Atti Giornate Fitopalogiche, Chianciano Terme 6-9 March 2018 (in Italian). Vittum P (1986) Biology of the Japanese beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in eastern Massachusetts. In cases where development takes 2 years, second and third instars overwinter during the first and second winters, respectively (Vittum, 1986). Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 15(2), 259–265. Ciampitti M, Bertoglio M, Cavagna B, Suss L & Bianchi A (2016) Prime esperienze di semi-campo per il controllo delle larve di Popillia japonica. Experiments showed that pyrethroids are the most effective. In Switzerland, P. japonica was first reported in Ticino in June 2017 (EPPO RS, 2017) and adults have been regularly trapped since then (EPPO RS, 2019b). Traps baited with a sex pheromone and a floral lure are very useful in attracting adult beetles for detection survey (early detection) (Porter & Held, 2002; EFSA, 2019). Pupae are 14 mm in length and 7 mm in width on average and exarate in form. The outbreak area was located in the Ticino Valley Natural Park, along the Ticino river, in the two contiguous Italian regions of Lombardy and Piedmont. Fleming (1972a) provided a ranking of the extent of feeding by adult P. japonica on 435 plant species in 95 families. The best environmentally friendly control strategy is the physical protection of host plants with nets. The nematodes were applied at a rate of 10,000 infective juveniles per 10 adult beetles in 148 mL plastic cups containing autoclaved … Chemical Control Further information can be found in the EPPO data sheet on P. japonica ( EPPO/CABI, 1997 ). ----- Survey reports are presented for a variety of pests, including P. japonica. Journal of Insect Science 13, 36. EPPO RS (2020) EPPO Reporting Service No. Provides an overview of all Species Profiles included on our Web site with primary common and scientific names. EPPO RS (2014) EPPO Reporting Service No. Azadirachtin has shown some control efficacy in addition to its repellent effect (Ciampitti et al., 2018). Strong defoliation was recorded on fruit trees, in particular cherry trees, and vines in family gardens of houses near the meadow area, as well as on ornamental trees and shrubs (linden, birch, wisteria, roses) in the same areas. In July 2014, P. japonica was found in Italy (EPPO RS, 2014; Pavesi, 2014); this is the first time that this pest is recorded on the European mainland. Jackson TA (1992) Scarabs–pests of the past or the future? Damage is often most severe when these crops are planted into areas which were previously turf. Popillia japonica is one of a number of pests listed in the Appendices to the Terms of Reference (ToR) to be subject to pest categorisation to determine whether it fulfils the criteria of a quarantine pest or those of a regulated non‐quarantine pest (RNQP) for the area of the EU excluding Ceuta, Melilla and the outermost regions of Member States (MS) referred to in Article 355 (1) of the Treaty on the … advanced search... Login. These parasitoids provide some suppression, particularly I. aldrichi, in areas with restricted turf, but do not usually provide adequate beetle control. Spores of Paenibacillus (=Bacillus) popilliae, the primary causal agent of milky disease in P. japonica were widely distributed in colonization programmes around the middle of the last century in eastern USA (Fleming, 1968). https://ag.umass.edu/turf/fact-sheets/current-insecticide-approaches-for-white-grub-control. However, no key to species is available and because the genus consists of more than 300 species, many from Africa and Asia, there is a chance of misidentifying some specimens (EPPO, 2016). They also defoliate asparagus, nearly all varieties of grapes, and many fruit-bearing trees, especially apple, cherry, plum, and peach. Biological Control 4, 298–303. Raising cutting height, and maintaining a balanced fertility regime to promote growth of roots also enhances tolerance of root-feeding by grubs (Crutchfield et al., 1995). Depending on the temperature, eggs usually hatch after about 10-14 days. A high spread rate (16-24 km per year) was detected in the decade after P. japonica’s establishment in the USA (EPPO, 2006). King JL (1931) The present status of the established parasites of Popillia japonica Newman. Dalthorp D, Nyrop J & Villani MG (2000) Spatial ecology of the Japanese beetle, Popillia japonica. Barzanti GP, Enkerli J, Benvenuti C, Marianelli L, Paoli F, Sabbatini Peverieri G, Mazza G, Bosio G, Venanzio D, Giacometto E & Roversi PF (2019) Preliminary analysis of genetic variability of Metarhizium isolates from Parco del Ticino (Northern Italy) - International Congress on Invertebrate Pathology and Microbial Control SIP/IOBC Valencia, 28th July-1st August 2019. EPPO RS (2019b) EPPO Reporting Service No. In the Azores, the flight period of adult beetles can extend from late May through to early November – the peak number of adults caught in traps was in the second half of July and the first half of August (Martins & Simoes, 1988; Vieira, 2008). The risk that adults of P. japonica may be spread by aircraft departing from airports located in infested areas should be assessed very carefully. Temperature and in particular soil moisture are the main factors that may limit the potential spread of the beetle into new areas. Ministero delle Politiche Agricole e Forestali. EFSA (2019) Schrader G, Camilleri M, Ciubotaru RM, Diakaki M & Vos S. Pest survey card on Popillia japonica. Dr W. Junk b.v. Publishers, The Hague (NL). 08. 09. P. japonica larvae are typical scarabaeid grubs (Fleming, 1972a). This information is part of a full datasheet Adults have been recorded feeding on the foliage, flowers, and fruits, larvae on grass roots (USDA, 2020). Like most websites we use cookies. On flower petals, the beetles consume large, irregularly shaped parts. Abstract details; Author(s) NAPIS; Miscellaneous; ... CABI is a registered EU trademark. A complete description of all developmental stages of P. japonica (including egg and pupa) is available in the EPPO national regulatory control systems Standard PM 9/21(1) (EPPO, 2016); very useful illustrations are available in the EPPO diagnostic standard PM 7/74 (1). Subsequently, it was reported from islands of Faial, Flores, Pico, Sao Jorge, Corvo and Sao Miguel (EPPO, 2016); in 2019, P. japonica was reported in the mainland (Graciosa Island; EPPO RS, 2019a). According to Chen et al. Biocontrol agents, in particular the entomoparasitic nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae, seem more effective in controlling larvae than chemicals (Wright et al., 1988; Ciampitti et al., 2016; Marianelli et al., 2017; Paoli et al., 2017; Barzanti et al., 2019). The Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica) is a species of scarab beetle. https://www.inspection.gc.ca/plant-health/plant-pests-invasive-species/insects/japanese-beetle/eng/1328048149161/1328048244390 [accessed on 21 September 2020]. are pivotal for delimiting surveys in areas of outbreaks. Article 2014/179 First report of Popillia japonica in Italy. Although tolerance varies, all species of cool-season turfgrasses are susceptible to the grubs (Potter et al., 1992). Substantial insecticide usage, especially on home lawns, golf courses, and in urban landscapes, was observed to control P. japonica (Potter & Held, 2002). Marianelli L, Paoli F, Sabbatini Peverieri G, Benvenuti C, Barzanti GP, Bosio G, Venanzio D, Giacometto E, Roversi PF (2018) Long-Lasting Insecticide-treated nets: A New Integrated Pest Management Approach for Popillia japonica (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). In the absence of adults, the signs on leaves and flowers can be confused with those caused by other organisms, in particular insects and gastropods. Although control measures were taken immediately, the European Commission considered eradication not to be feasible given the extent of the infestation and the well-established population. The listing can be sorted by common name (alphabetically ascending or descending order) and can be searched by name. This appears to be more of a back-yard maize growing situation because the light-loving beetles rarely venture more than 1-2 rows into a maize field. The presence of pest also affected a viticultural area, with a strong presence of adults on the vines in June and July causing leaf erosion (EUROPHYT Outbreaks, 2020). Usda/Aphis ( 2015 ) Managing the Japanese beetle and its control survival Allsopp. Green, sometimes with reddish sheen ; elytra shiny brownish diagnostic protocol for PCR! 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